Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity

Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity
A mature, broken-horned kudu bull – just like the one in the story – moves stealthily through the Sandveldt Forest.

Lunging for my rifle where it leaned against a bush, I slammed a cartridge home in the chamber. A big broken-horned kudu bull broke from the brush, racing full speed from right to left. Swinging with him, I watched my crosshairs catch up, swing through, and pass his vitals. My finger closed on the trigger.


Months earlier I had received the green light from an editor to write about a father and son plains game hunt in Africa. The good folks at Book Your Hunt introduced me to a couple of different Safari Outfitters. Wheels started turning, and a few months and mountains of paperwork later our flight greased onto the Tarmac in Port Elizabeth, South Africa.

One of my main priorities on this trip was to hunt free-range animals. I wasn’t keen on hunting inside high fences, so we made sure that our destination featured wildlife and wild places. Leopard’s Valley Safaris features free-range hunting, so the fit was good. We climbed the mountains of South Africa’s beautiful Eastern Cape, ate great food, and hunted hard. Several days into our adventure my son Josiah shot a nice blesbok, and while we were taking photographs and processing the experience the kudu bull mentioned above crashed our party.

Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity
Kudu is one of the Author’s favorite game animals to hunt. Majestic and challenging, they will earn a hunter’s respect – and make him earn his trophy.

A cull kudu was exactly what we were looking for, so there was no question about whether or not to try to take this broken-horned bull. My rifle leaned ready-to-hand against a nearby bush. The backstop was good, with a gentle brushy hillside rising beyond the running bull. The distance was doable, at less than 100 yards. There were kudu cows running before and behind him, but far enough from him that there was no real danger of hitting one of them should my shot go awry. I had to shoot offhand (standing, unsupported), but that was readily doable at this distance. The only real complicating factor was that he was running. Not just trotting, but at a full gallop.

Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity
Offhand shooting (standing, unsupported) is difficult enough. Add a running target and it becomes very difficult to place a proper shot.


The rifle I was using was a bolt action chambered in .280 Ackley Improved with a 24-inch stainless barrel. A Zeiss V4 4-16X50 riflescope nestled securely in lightweight Talley rings. The Timney trigger was tuned to a crisp three pounds. The rifle is not a superlight mountain-type rifle, but instead an all-around medium-weight rifle that balances great and is very steady, which helps make difficult shots doable.

Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity
The bolt-action rifle and Zeiss scope made a very capable combination, effective for shots ranging from very close to “way out there”. This doesn’t, however, make it good at running shots. That is up to the shooter.

My ammo was hand loaded, using Nosler Brass, H4831sc powder, Federal Gold Medal Match primers, and topped with Federal’s 155-grain Terminal Ascent bullets, which sizzled downrange at 2960 feet per second. It’s a potent combination that has worked flawlessly for me on mule deer, elk, Eland, wildebeest, and more.

Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity
The author’s hand loaded ammunition proved deadly on everything from tiny steenbok to heavy-bodied eland, thanks to Federal’s superb Terminal Ascent projectiles.


Put yourself in my shoes: You’ve traveled all the way to Africa, you’ve been hunting hard, and a bull kudu – one of your favorite species – is finally offering a shot. Your rifle is at your shoulder, finger on the trigger. It’s a rifle that you shoot well, and the range is not long. The only real challenge is that the bull is running full tilt. Your crosshairs move up along the running bull’s body and then out in front, establishing a lead. Do you take the shot?


This story actually happened to me, just as outlined. My crosshairs found a lead, and I pressed the trigger. It was a mistake.

It was a mistake because I’m not good at moving shots. I’ve never spent the time and effort necessary to learn how to shoot at running game, and as a consequence, my lead on this shot was not sufficient. At the shot, the bull twitched, and then turned on the afterburners. The trackers found blood, and we made a circle to try and cut the bull off. We were too late; the bull had already gone by when we arrived. The trackers had followed it for the better part of two miles at this point, and they said that the sign indicated that my bullet had creased the bull across the rump. My PH thought the bull would survive, and we called off the chase. I was a much chagrined and disappointed hunter – I usually make good shots that result in clean kills, and wounding this kudu (however superficially) felt awful. I should not have taken that shot.

I thought a lot about the lead I employed for the shot. My crosshairs were just breaking daylight in front of the bull’s shoulder when I squeezed the trigger. Still, my bullet hit perhaps three feet further back than it needed to. My lead should have been a foot in front of the running bull’s nose to correctly hit him. Clearly, I need more practice at moving targets before I’m qualified to shoot at running game.

Ironically, there are some hunters who could have made that shot and killed the kudu. They have more experience with moving targets and would know how to lead the bull correctly. If you are that hunter, then your answer might be different than mine. I shouldn’t have taken the shot, but perhaps you could.

Take the Shot? A Mature Kudu Bull Offers A High-Speed Opportunity
Careful, responsible shooting will result in savory meat on the table and good memories. Unfortunately, the shot in this story didn’t end that way.


Running shots at game are always questionable. Unless you are an expert at shooting moving targets, you shouldn’t attempt a running shot at an animal, however close it is. It’s just not worth the risk of wounding and losing the animal.

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  • James December 7, 2021, 2:08 pm

    There is an additional factor when hunting in Africa that would have an impact on this situation. In the US you could take that shot and besides wounding an animal (enough reason not to do it) you only suffer an embarrassing moment and after the tracking is unsuccessful you can continue your hunt. In Africa, ALL of the game animals are on some type of quota. The rule there is IF YOUR BULLET TOUCHES THE ANIMAL YOU PAY THE TROPHY FEE! Recovered or not, if there is any indication, you just bought it! A Kudu trophy fee is about $2000+. That tends to keep these types of incidents at bay. I’m surprised the PH had not warned against any first shots at running animals.

  • Gary December 7, 2021, 12:39 pm

    Hitting a moving target is a tough task, I learned that as a 90mm recoiless rifle gunner way back when the US Army had such things. Well, you might say, there’s a big difference in a tank and a kudu beating feet through the bushes, true, but in either case the objective is to get that kill shot. The point of my comment, I wanted to suggest that you take some time when you arrive home and with a plinker and sights specifically with stadia lines get in some practice, even dry firing with a snapcap and practicing the lead on your cattle will develop the muscle memory and “an eye” for shooting things on the run..Heck, just recalled you were a TC, so was I..you know what I’m saying. Good luck brother.

  • Frank December 7, 2021, 8:54 am

    Thanks for the article. Too bad you didn’t connect with a good shot, but it’s virtually impossible to find a seasoned hunter who hasn’t been in the same situation (been there, done that). No one wants to miss, and certainly no one wants to wound an animal… but it happens. You can’t take one if you don’t shoot!

    I know this wasn’t the point of your article, but in your picture illustrating off-hand shooting, I noticed that you weren’t making use of the sling. Even the most basic sling can be quickly looped over the support arm elbow and provide another anchor point with the rifle. Doing so converts a wobbly, two-point, linear support into a more stable three-point, triangular support. While there are hundreds of “high-tech, tactical slings” that offer a variety of options, most hunting rifles are equipped with a basic sling. Knowing how to quickly deploy it for additional support helps with those off-hand shots.

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