DIY: How to Pin & Weld a Muzzle Brake

In their perfect, all-knowing wisdom, the United States Congress in 1934 limited the legal length of a rifle barrel to no shorter than 16 inches. For barrels under 16 inches, the National Firearms Act requires gun owners to apply for a special license and render unto Uncle Sam a $200 tax stamp.

This project isn’t difficult as long as you have access to a welding machine and someone who knows how to use it.

But the Act includes a caveat. Barrels are measured from the breech face to “the furthermost end of the barrel or permanently attached muzzle device.” A barrel can be 14.5 inches long, for example, provided a 1.5-inch muzzle device is also permanently affixed.

According to the National Firearms Handbook, “Permanent methods of attachment include full-fusion gas or electric steel-seam welding, high-temperature (1100°F) silver soldering, or blind pinning with the pin head welded over.”

The Daniel Defense Extended Muzzle Climb Mitigator is a great option for this project. They offer the brake in 5.56 and .30 caliber.

In my never-ending quest to avoid the NFA licensing process, I opted in my most recent AR build to purchase a 14.5 inch Ballistic Advantage barrel and pin/weld a 2 inch Daniel Defense muzzle brake to the end of it.

It may not be the most practical option (I only saved about 2 inches of overall length), but I enjoyed the project and I think the barrel/brake looks great with my 15 inch Rainer Arms rail.

Step 1: Choose your Muzzle Device

Keep two things in mind when choosing your muzzle device: barrel length and rail length. If you’re using a muzzle brake, pick one that both meets or exceeds the 16 inch mark and one that will clear your rail.

As the pin/weld option is gaining popularity, many gun parts manufacturers offer brakes designed specifically for this purpose. Daniel Defense offers an extended version of their Muzzle Climb Mitigator to ensure the brake holes will clear a 15 inch rail. I’ve also seen muzzle devices with a pre-drilled hole (more on that below).

You can also use other muzzle devices (flash suppressors, flash cans, etc.) that direct the blast forward instead of upwards. In that case, your only concern will be to meet the 16 inch barrel + brake requirement.

Step 2: Drill the Hole

Be patient on this step. It takes time.

For me, drilling the hole in the brake was the most time-consuming part of the process. This is a poor man’s how-to guide (see title), which means I didn’t have the fancy tools that are probably necessary for this job. But that’s never stopped me before, and with the combination of a Dremel tool and a power drill I made it through eventually.

I opted to drill the hole before installing the muzzle device. There’s a risk to this method, of course, and I nearly wasn’t able to thread the brake onto the barrel. But it was much easier to work with the brake pre-install, and I knew exactly when I’d drilled far enough.

I chose the bit size based on the pin I planned to use. It doesn’t have to match perfectly. It just needs to be large enough for the pin to fit and small enough to keep the pin upright.

Done. Not the prettiest job in the world, but a little touch up paint will go a long way.

Step 3: Measure and Cut the Pin

A Dremel bit will cut through easily enough. I used a 3/32” steel punch.

I used the end of a steel punch for my pin. I dropped the punch into the hole, marked the appropriate length, and cut it with a Dremel tool.

Step 4: Install the Pin

First, install your muzzle device like you normally would.

The pin needs to be seated into the barrel threads so that the brake cannot be turned once the weld covers the pin. For that, I returned to my drill/Dremel combination and cut a small indent into the threads. Obviously, you don’t want to get carried away at this point—drilling all the way through would likely ruin the barrel.

Once you have a small hole, simply tap the pin into it until the pin is secure. It’s also helpful to round one side of the pin so it seats more firmly in the indent in the threads.

Step 5: Weld the Pin in Place

I don’t know how to weld, but I know someone who does. He was kind enough to help me out, and he had it done in a matter of seconds.

I wanted to file down the bubble and paint over it, but I decided against it. The weld should be obvious, just in case the gun is ever inspected by authorities.

This is how we set up the weld. You may have to scrape a bit of paint off the muzzle device to get a good connection.

The weld didn’t take any time at all.


The white specs brush off easily. After that, you can paint the bubble to match your brake and barrel.

I found pinning and welding my muzzle device to my barrel to be a relatively simple project. Drilling the pin hole was time-consuming but not difficult. And once I cut a correctly sized pin, the weld was a piece of cake.

If you develop hives at the thought of marring your muzzle device, this project probably isn’t for you. Also, if you aren’t 100% sure about your barrel/brake configuration, pinning and welding isn’t the way to go. It is possible to remove the muzzle device, but you might not be able to salvage the threads on your barrel. “Permanently affixed” means exactly that.

That being said, a little touch-up paint can make the weld almost invisible, and I’m confident that my muzzle device won’t be too disruptive to my fellow shooters at the range.

If you used a different method, let us know about it in the comments!

About the author: Jordan Michaels has been reviewing firearm-related products for over two years and enjoying them for much longer. With family in Canada, he’s seen first hand how quickly the right to self-defense can be stripped from law-abiding citizens. He escaped that statist paradise at a young age, married a sixth-generation Texan, and currently lives in Waco.

{ 18 comments… add one }
  • Mike July 26, 2018, 7:55 am

    Just a word of advice from someone who just finished pinning one, literally 5 minutes ago and learned the hard way. Make sure you measure the depth and cut the pin down, leaving room above it for a little weld. I did not do this and now have the brake and pin in place (its not coming off unless I Sawzall the brake in half), but instead of having some space above the pin to fill in with weld, the pin is actually protruding about 1/16″ out of the brake. Now I’ll have to cut the pin flush with the brake, weld over the pin, smooth/sand the weld down so it looks somewhat like nothing is out of the ordinary and hit it with some matte black alumahyde II. Is this completely ruining the pin/weld job, no, but it would have been so much easier to cut the pin first.


  • Dan September 20, 2017, 11:14 am

    I’ve done many of these as a full-time gunsmith. I’d recommend measuring everything, taking into account the depth that the threads will mesh together. Plan to drill one-third of the way through the barrel, and attach/index the muzzle device using a crush washer. I’d then drill the hole through both parts, to a very specific (planned) depth, then tap in the pin and TiG weld over the top. It comes out perfect every time.

  • Big John September 12, 2017, 10:11 am

    …or you could take it to a COMPETENT Gunsmith and have it done correctly and not ruin a couple hundred dollars worth of parts like this article shows (wonder what that excessive heat at the muzzle did to the accuracy of that barrel?). The huge puddle and splatter all over the brake and barrel are a nice touch.

    After nearly three decades of fixing Bubba’s mistakes, as a Gunsmith this is one of the more common “repairs” I’m asked to correct. Most times it involves at the very lease the replacement of the muzzle device…often it also involves replacing the barrel.

  • Marc September 11, 2017, 6:13 pm

    Question to the author: Now how do you get your gas block off or back on???

    • Wayne Bundza September 12, 2017, 3:31 pm

      You don’t.

      • Jason April 29, 2018, 7:17 am

        Or you get a gas block that is hinged and secures in place with allen screws. Those are becoming more common now that pin and weld build’s are becoming common ground.

  • Steve September 11, 2017, 6:46 am

    I don’t understand why you would buy a 14.5″ barbell then lengthen it to 16.5″ with the muzzle break. Why not just purchase a 16″ gun in the first place. So you are going from 14.5″ to 16.5″ what are you gaining?? You got me!

    • Gregory September 11, 2017, 7:44 am

      A 16 inch barrel with a threaded muzzle device will end up giving you an OAL of up to 18 inches (or more) depending on the make/model device used. Beginning with the mil spec carbine length of 14.5″ will give you the shortest (non-NFA) finished length possible. Some do it for looks, some for ease of handling.

    • David March 18, 2018, 7:24 pm

      Exactly, if the barrel is 14.5″ and you add a muzzle device that is 1.5″ it is a total of 16″ exactly. This is the reason why some people want a 14.5″ barrel.

  • Mark September 8, 2017, 6:12 pm

    The Republicans have both houses of Congress and the Presidency. Why aren’t they repealing these dumb but draconian and outdated laws? I called my reps but I’m being ignored, so I called the NRA/ILA and they told me, get this “there was nothing they could do.” and “there was a hurricane.” I guess LaPierre was too busy counting his $5mil he gets every year. We need to get active people and start calling these bastards and telling them who put them there. We have a 2 year window to actually do something rather than stopping something. Also GA and other firearms businesses who are crying that gun sales are down, start using your political clout to apply pressure, maybe people will start to buy things that were previously banned. Good way to jump start business again.

    • Ton E September 10, 2017, 9:12 am

      How cute you still believe the GOP supports gun rights. Dems and Republicans voted the Hughes Amendment into law.

      • Deplorable Robert September 11, 2017, 8:14 am

        Of course the GOP doesn’t support our right to bear arms. But those who voted against us, get the targets on their backs to be voted out. Texas already has voted for the suppressors to be removed from the tax stamp, which is a small victory. We’ll all keep at it. National is what I want to see, forcing states like NY, Californica, Hawaii, NJ, to recognize my permit. We should also be able to purchase a new manufactured M-16 for civilian use if so desired. Small steps can add up. But you are correct in saying the GOP doesn’t support gun rights. Only the Conservatives do, so folks, research who your GOP members are and hold their feet to the fire or fire them. Luckily we have Trump, and NOT Hillary!😎

        • Deplorable Robert September 11, 2017, 8:15 am

          Correction: National reciprocity is what I want to see.

        • bill E September 14, 2017, 3:05 pm


      • Mark September 11, 2017, 2:18 pm

        Hey Ton E the GOP are politicians, I know that. But they campaigned on gun rights, took our money and so did the NRA. It’s time to start calling them out. Lets start applying some pressure. What’s your plan? Stand around with the rest of the gun shop commandos just bitching. That’s “cute”!

        • bill E September 14, 2017, 3:00 pm

          Mark, lol. Nothing worse than a “Gunshow Commando😅 that bitches, yet doesn’t vote. They need taken out to the damn woodshed! I’m pretty sure the ppl that bitch the hardest are the ones v that don’t vote…sickening!

      • deanbob September 11, 2017, 2:41 pm

        As a party, the GOP may not; but, I’ve yet to see an election for ‘the party’. A campaign where the congressmen and women are visible and their positions are know – and they are held accountable, will be where we change the law(s). Some states are a lost cause – for the time being ; but, nationally, I agree we need to make change(s) while we control all 3 branches.

    • Steve in Detroit November 20, 2017, 4:59 am

      We are coming up to a Year of Republican Control both House’s and POTUS. What significant piece of Legislation has been passed that help’s any group, be it NRA, NGOA, Farmers or even Skilled Trades? They have wasted or squandered the Power we invested them with. HPA is effectively dead right now. Trump could do so much with just Executive Orders, which Obama had no problem using.

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