Selecting a tripod for precision rifle shooting
Years ago, I was at a sniper sustainment course and the topic of tripods for the rifles came up during one of the classes. At that time there weren’t a lot of good options for tripods or rests so most of us did what good soldiers do and worked with what we had. For military and law enforcement the tripod is an essential piece of kit for situations where the shooter has to be up off the ground to gain a vantage point and yet still be stable enough to make an accurate shot. For precision rifle competition there exists a similar need for a good, sturdy tripod but selecting the right tripod and attachment system can be overwhelming with so many options on the market now.
What Don’t You Want?
Back in the day most of the tripods you saw used for shooting supports were the cheap ones from the local big box store getting pressed into service. There are a number reasons why these tripods are not sufficient for hard use such as their limited adjustment range and extensive use of plastic parts. If you’re searching for a tripod that will be used to support a rifle you’re probably going to have to start looking at professional-grade photography tripods. These tripods can start to get expensive but you should look at them as investments, just like a scope or rifle, that will provide years of use without fail rather than a disposable item.
A quality, professional-grade photography tripod that can support the weight of a precision rifle is going to be made mostly from aluminum or carbon fiber. This is where you have to make a budget decision though because while carbon fiber tripods are great for weight savings and strength, they start at about $300 for a good one. The aluminum tripods tend to be cheaper, usually running about half the cost of a carbon fiber tripod but they’re also about twice as heavy.
Each tripod leg needs to be independently adjustable so that it can be set up to accommodate the shooter’s needs and terrain. Cheaper camera tripods have nowhere near the amount of adjustability since their tripod legs can only swing out so far and are limited to a certain sized footprint. The method used to adjust the length of the legs isn’t a huge deal so I will just say that you’re typically going to see either latches or twist locks. Twist locks are a fast way to adjust the length of the tripod leg however as far as overall durability goes lever locks will probably win out. Keep in mind that not all lever locks are the same. The less expensive lever locks will usually have a rubber pad that engages the leg at a single point and in some situations, say under the weight of a precision rifle, the leg will slip. Quality lever locks, like the ones on my Manfrotto, actually grip the tripod leg around most of its circumference and can be adjusted for more tension if necessary using a socket.
For some shooters, the tripod center column is best cut down to prevent it getting in the way but I personally like to leave mine untouched. It’s nice to be able to extend the height of the tripod up some more if I need to after I’ve run the legs all the way out. The best center columns on a tripod are simple with no frills or hand cranks just a center tube held in place by a thumb screw.
The tripod head is a very important component because it’s the link from the tripod to the rifle that allows for fine-tuned adjustments and locks the rifle into position. Generally, you’re probably going to find three different types of tripod heads amongst the more experienced shooters: Grip Action, Ball Action, and Leveling Bases. You might see the occasional pan-tilt head but those are few and far between amongst serious users. My first piece of advice when looking for a tripod head is to avoid any that use plastic extensively at contact points and joints such as locking latches and plates since these will most likely fail under hard use.
Leveling bases are probably going to be almost unheard of except to those that are also really into photography but they are becoming a popular option with some precision rifle shooters. In photography, these bases are used to level the camera, pan around in a fluid motion, and also lock the camera firmly in place for panoramic shots. These types of bases can also support a lot of weight without slipping so it’s no surprise that they are getting used more and more to support rifles that weight upwards of 17 lbs. A disadvantage to leveling bases is that even though they can spin 360° their maximum tilt angle is only about ±15°, so they’re probably not the best option for mountainous or urban terrain.
Grip action heads like the Manfrotto 322RC2 and 3265 are pretty commonplace with many setups because they’re built to last a lifetime and have been used for years by professional rifleman. They have a large range of motion, more than enough for steep angles, and they can support a healthy amount of weight without any issues. Their only downside is that they are pretty heavy so if you are an-ounces-equals-pounds kind of person you may want to look at this next option. Ball action heads have been around for a long, long time and are probably the most popular type of tripod head on the market and rightly so. Ball action heads are versatile, lightweight, strong, and easy to manipulate with one hand.
There are a lot of different kinds of ball action heads so it’s important to select one that can fully support the weight of a precision rifle so be sure to check the specs and avoid the cheaper, light duty ones. Sirui’s GX and KX series as well as the Benro IN2 heads offer good performance for an economical price but if you want to go all in check out the heads from Really Right Stuff.
It doesn’t really matter what type of tripod head you get, just make sure that it meets your needs and more importantly that it can support the weight of the rifle.
Quick Release Plates
Quick release plates are an integral part of any good tripod head and my advice here is to find a tripod head that is either RC-2 or Arca Swiss compatible. Skip the heads that use some kind of proprietary plate because chances are it’s going to be hard to find extras and no one around is going to have a similar one. The 200PL plates from Manfrotto have been around forever and at one time seemed like the only option for a robust all-metal quick release plate that was strong enough to take the weight and recoil of a rifle. The Manfrotto plates are common enough that some companies make tripod adapters compatible with the RC-2 system that bolts directly to a rifle so they can be attached to the tripod head. RC-2-style plates are still used a good bit however the Arca Swiss system has become the go-to attachment method for many precision rifle shooters.
Again, unless you’re also really into photography you may not have heard of this system before but it’s actually an elegant and strong setup. The mounting plate has two parallel dovetails that are engaged by a clamp section that’s tightened by a latch or thumb knob. Although it’s a seemingly simple connection it’s also very strong and resistant to slippage but with a half turn of the knob the plate slides out easily. Unlike the RC-2 plates, the Arca-style plates also come in various lengths that can be attached to a rifle so that it can be slid along the clamp to position it perfectly for balance. As the Arca-style plates become more popular for precision rifle shooters more companies are also making compatible accessories. Currently, there are commercial options to attach Arca-style plates to rails that are Keymod, MLOK, and Picatinny rail compatible.
There are a ton of accessories that you can get for a tripod, from Kestrel holders to purpose made slings to carry them but chief among them I think should be a shooting saddle. Back in the day tripod saddles were handmade from materials bought at the local hardware store but commercial options have now superseded that for the most part. The HOG Saddle and PIG Saddle are extremely popular options that are adjustable to fit a wide range of guns and are threaded so that they can be attached directly to a tripod center column or the tripod head.
For the more budget-conscious, Precision Rifle Solutions has a line of shooting saddles that are very well made but don’t cost a bundle. I’ve actually been using a PRS tripod saddle for years and have found it to be a fantastic option across multiple types of rifles. If you are starting out in precision rifle competition and getting your tripod set up I recommend starting out with a shooting saddle since they are versatile and time proven.
Another type of accessory that is gaining momentum are specialized mounts that allow the rifle to attach directly to the tripod head without the need for a shooting saddle. This has a number of advantages in that the mount can be kept on the rifle and dropped into the tripod quickly for ultra-stable, accurate shots. There are commercial options available but I opted to make my own tripod direct mount that would be Arca-compatible. Mine cost about $15 to make using a quick release bipod mount and an Arca-compatible quick release plate from Amazon.com. I removed the bipod stud, drilled and tapped two ¼-20 holes on either side of the existing hole, and attached the Arca plate with two mounting screws. It’s nice to be able to take my rifles and attach them right to the tripod and not worry about it tipping over or sliding out from the saddle.
Tripod Accessory Matrix
|Tripod Package||Tripods||Heads||QR Plates||Accessories|
|PRS Tripod w/ SSP (Entry Level)|
|ShadowTech Tripod Kits (Intermediate Level)|
|Really Right Stuff Tripod Kit (Tier 1)|
|HOG Saddle Field Tripod||Sirui KX Ball Head||Arca Swiss-type|
|200PL Plate||LaRue Tripod Mount|
|Desmond Tripods||Desmond DB-44||Arca Swiss-type||ADM Tripod Mount|
|Benro Tripod||Benro IN2||Arca Swiss-type||SOAR Chassis Mount|
Fundamental Tripod Use
When you have your set up finalized and start using the tripod for precision rifle applications there are some fundamental things that you want to do to help make sure you’re taking the most accurate shot possible. First, when you are setting the tripod up point one of the legs towards the target since this is going to help with stability under recoil. Extend and spread the legs as far out as possible to create a wide footprint while still keeping the rifle at a good height for a stable firing position. If the rifle is attached directly to the tripod, under recoil the tripod should essentially go straight up and come back down to the same spot if you got it set correctly. It will also help to set up the controls for the tripod and head so that you can make adjustments with your free hand without having to break position. If you lock your support arm out against one of the tripod legs when you are in position and ready to fire this can help gain some stability also. It was using these guidelines at a recent match that helped me hit 10″ plates at 430 yards using the tripod as my only means of support.
A good tripod, like a good scope, is a worthy investment for a long-range shooter. Tripods are useful whether you plan to start shooting competitions or just shoot long range in general. I’ve had a few outings almost ruined due to waist high grass that prevented me from getting a prone position, but thanks to the tripod, I was able to salvage the day and get some shooting in. As it goes with scopes, if you spend wisely you can easily have a set up that will go the long haul while also not costing you an arm and a leg. However, if you wish to go under the knife to get the very best, then have at it, that is your prerogative, but keep in mind that simply having the best doesn’t make you the best. Shooting well off of a tripod takes practice so when you have your setup worked out train with it often, and explore different ways to utilize it other than just spreading the legs and setting a gun on top.