1911 Baby Machine Gun and the Baby Faced Monster: Lester Gillis

Lester Gillis, shown here alongside his mom, was a natural-born criminal.

Lester Gillis was born in December of 1908 in Chicago, Illinois. His first arrest came on Independence Day at age 12. Young Lester discovered a handgun and inadvertently shot a pal in the jaw. He served a year in reform school before being released to steal his first car at age 13. This bought the lad another 18 months in the boys’ penal facility.

Gillis married his soulmate, Helen, after meeting her in a store.

Gillis was a great many dichotomous things. He was a natural leader, a committed husband, and a doting father. He married Helen Wawrzyniak at age 20 and sired two kids he adored. By 1930, however, Gillis was making serious bank in the burgeoning field of armed robbery.

Les Gillis got started young. By his early twenties, he had stolen enough to become a wealthy man.

The press referred to his gang as the “Tape Bandits” after their propensity to truss up robbery victims with tape. On one of his first major scores, Gillis and his troops made off with $205,000 in jewelry from magazine-executive, Charles Richter. That would be more than $3 million today. After several more lucrative home invasions, Gillis robbed his first financial institution. While the $4,000 he stole was dwarfed by his previous jewel heists, Gillis found in bank robbery his true calling.

Gillis’ boyish looks earned him the moniker Baby Face Nelson.

In October of 1930, the brazen Lester Gillis robbed the wife of sitting Chicago mayor Big Bill Thompson, making off with $18,000 in jewelry. Mrs. Thompson got a good look at Gillis during the robbery and described him thusly, “He had a babyface. He was good looking, hardly more than a boy, had dark hair and was wearing a grey topcoat and a brown felt hat, turned down brim.” Though no one close to him dared use the moniker, the press and subsequently the rest of the planet came to refer to Lester Gillis by his nom de guerre–Baby Face Nelson.

Gillis was a psychopath’s psychopath who showed no hesitation to kill when the perceived need arose.

Despite his obviously sincere affection for his wife and kids, Les was an inveterate killer. During a 1933 robbery of the First National Bank of Brainerd, Minnesota, he covered the gang’s getaway by emptying his Thompson submachinegun at gawking bystanders. A year later a paint salesman named Theodore Kidder cut off Lester’s car in Chicago traffic. Gillis let his fulminant temper get the better of him and chased the terrified Kidder until he pinned his car against a curb. When the hapless salesman exited the car to de-escalate the conflict, Baby Face Nelson blew him away.

John Dillinger was the apex predator among depression-era outlaws. He and Gillis made a great team.

The specific composition of these criminal gangs ebbed and flowed based upon the vagaries of prison, territory, friendships, and untimely deaths. Soon Les found John Dillinger, and the two became tight as, well, thieves. Cross-country crime sprees can be taxing, so by April of 1934 Nelson and Dillinger were in serious need of some downtime. The two retreated to the Little Bohemia Lodge in Manitowish Waters, Wisconsin, for a little well deserved R and R. Accompanying them were Homer Van Meter, John “Red” Hamilton, Tommy Carroll, a young apprentice thug named Pat Reilly, Les’ bride Helen, and three girlfriends.

This is a photograph of the 1935 graduating class of National Police Executives, the forerunner of the FBI academy. The learning curve was steep and bloody for those early Law Enforcement pioneers.

Sadly there is only one way to gain experience, and that is frequently just not terribly graceful. While the FBI is typically a well-oiled machine these days, back in the 1930’s tactical Law Enforcement procedures were in their infancy. The result was an almost darkly comedic little slaughter.

The Little Bohemia Lodge was the site of a bloody violent exchange between G-Men and the Dillinger gang.

Emil Wanatka, the owner of the lodge, was playing cards with Dillinger and noticed his holstered sidearm as Public Enemy Number One raked in his earnings. Wanatka told his wife who told a friend who called the feds. The famed G-Man Melvin Purvis hustled over with a few FBI shooters, and they assaulted the lodge straightaway.

Eugene Boisneau was mistaken for a criminal and gunned down by Melvin Purvis’ G-men.

The Feds attacked en masse from the front just as the unsuspecting evening dinner crowd was departing following the famed Little Bohemia $1 Sunday night special. Three innocent diners, Eugene Boisneau, John Hoffman, and John Morris, were firing up their 1933 Chevrolet Coupe just as the FBI agents approached. Somebody misunderstood somebody, and the feds opened fire. Boisneau died on the spot, and his two buddies were badly wounded. Catastrophically, the gunfire also alerted the professional killers inside the lodge.

Gillis first tried to shoot his way out of the FBI ambush.

The Little Bohemia fight has been exhaustively dissected elsewhere. Suffice it to say, Hamilton, Carroll, Van Meter, and Dillinger took to the woods and escaped. True to his idiom, Lester Gillis aka Baby Face Nelson snatched up his Thompson and fearlessly charged at the G-men, exchanging fire with Purvis himself. After this initial skirmish, Gillis fled alone in the opposite direction.

Carter Baum was one of three lawmen who made the mistake of wandering into Lester Gillis while he was particularly desperate.

Several cars later Les found himself at the home of a local named Alvin Koerner along with a total of seven hostages. He quickly thinned the herd to three and was climbing into yet another vehicle when a government car carrying FBI agents Jay Newman and W. Carter Baum as well as a local constable named Carl Christensen drove up. Nelson approached the vehicle and disarmingly asked the newcomer’s identities. The G-man identified themselves, and Lester Gillis pulled a most remarkable customized weapon out from underneath his coat.

The Gun

Hyman Lebman was a San Antonio gunsmith with an eclectic clientele.

Hyman Lebman was a Texas gunsmith whose shop specialized in hard-to-find ordnance. His San Antonio establishment featured hunting guns, boots, and saddles upstairs, but he kept the truly good stuff in the basement. In the heady days before the 1934 National Firearms Act, machineguns were cash and carry. Lebman’s mechanical gifts and the creations he spawned ultimately prompted many a Chicago gangster to undertake a Texas road trip.

Lebman’s customized M1907 Winchesters were sought-after gangster tools. Homer Van Meter used one to kill patrolman Howard Wagner during a particularly violent bank robbery in South Bend, Indiana.

Lebman built customized full auto Winchester M1907 rifles. A Lebman 1907 captured from the Dillinger gang is on display at the FBI building in Washington, DC. His specialty, however, was what he called his Baby Machinegun. These full auto 1911 pistols represented the most concealable firepower mankind might conjure.

Lebman offered his converted 1911 pistols in both .45ACP and .38 Super. The end result was a serious fistful of firepower.

When Lebman was testing one of his early examples in his basement firing range the thing got away from him and stitched a row of holes through the floor above, nearly killing his young son Marvin. The final versions could be had in either .45ACP or .38 Super and included a modified Cutts compensator as well as the foregrip from a Thompson submachine gun. Extended magazines carried either eighteen or twenty-two rounds depending upon the caliber, and the little monsters cycled in excess of 1,000 rpm.

Lebman never made more than a handful of his iconic full auto 1911 pistols, but they left an indelible mark.

In 1933 Lester Gillis walked into Lebman’s shop along with his pretty wife Helen and young son Ronald using the alias Jimmy Williams. A skulking fellow gangster named Charles Fisher kept him company. An odd friendship ensued, and the mobster’s family later took dinner with that of Lebman in the gunsmith’s home. When Gillis departed San Antonio, he left with five full auto Babies in .38 Super, four unmodified 1911 pistols in .45ACP, and a brace of Thompsons. Gillis paid Lebman $300 apiece for the Tommy guns.

The Killing

Gillis’ execution killing of Carter Baum with a Lebman 1911 Baby Machinegun was the optimal application for this sinister little machine pistol.

Gillis stood in the dim light outside the agents’ government vehicle and drew one of Lebman’s .38 Super full auto 1911’s from his coat. Before the G-Men could react, he hosed down the car at more than 1,000 rounds per minute. Constable Christensen and Agent Newman were badly wounded. At a range of less than ten feet, Agent W. Carter Baum caught three of the zippy little .38-caliber rounds in the neck. The hapless government agent bled out and died in short order.

Lester Gillis hosed down the G-Men’s car so quickly they were unable to return fire.

Gillis later remarked that he had been surprised that the feds had not fired first, feeling that they had the tactical advantage. However, when Baum’s weapon was recovered it was found that he had not had time to disengage the safety on his 1911. Gillis took the FBI car and eventually successfully made his escape.

The Rest of the Story

Helen Gillis was herself considered Public Enemy Number 1 for a time and was rumored to have had a shoot to kill order issued in her name. She remained loyal to Les to the bitter end.

Helen Gillis was captured in the lodge by the FBI along with Homer Van Meter’s girlfriend Marie Comforti and Tommy Carroll’s squeeze Jean Crompton. These three women were interrogated aggressively and eventually convicted of the crime of harboring fugitives. They were paroled soon thereafter.

Gillis and his perennial associate John Paul Chase went out in a hail of bullets.

Lester Gillis inherited the title of Public Enemy Number 1 after the violent deaths of John Dillinger and Pretty Boy Floyd. On November 27, 1934, Gillis and an associate named John Paul Chase were cornered by federal agents Samuel Crowley and Herman Hollis at a turnout in Barrington, Illinois.

Lester Gillis murdered three FBI agents himself, more than any other single criminal.

Armed with what was likely a Colt Monitor BAR, Gillis killed the two G-Men. However, he caught eight buckshot in his legs and a single .45ACP bullet from a G-Man Thompson to the belly in the process.

Gillis bled out later that evening as a result of the belly wound he received from a G-Man Tommy Gun.

This heavy .45ACP round perforated his liver and pancreas before exiting out his back. Gillis died later that evening in his wife Helen’s arms. He was 25 years old.

Hyman Lebman was prosecuted by the government for providing weapons to gangsters but never served time. He operated his gunsmithing business until well into the 1970s.

Hyman Lebman had to stop his machinegun business after the passage of the 1934 NFA, but he continued working as a gunsmith in San Antonio into the 1970s. He finally closed his business after relentless pressure from the feds. His son Marvin described the gangsters to whom his dad sold his guns as “men in nice suits and hats.” Hyman Lebman died of Alzheimer’s Disease in 1990.

Lester Gillis was an archetype, a hardscrabble young criminal who gained fame and notoriety before dying young and hard.
The Lebman 1911 Baby Machinegun Gillis wielded against the three lawmen near the Little Bohemia Lodge was an optimized gangster tool.

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About the author: Will Dabbs A native of the Mississippi Delta, Will is a mechanical engineer who flew UH1H, OH58A/C, CH47D, and AH1S aircraft as an Army Aviator. He has parachuted out of perfectly good airplanes at 3 o’clock in the morning and summited Mount McKinley, Alaska, six times…always at the controls of an Army helicopter, which is the only way sensible folk climb mountains. Major Dabbs eventually resigned his commission in favor of medical school where he delivered 60 babies and occasionally wrung human blood out of his socks. Will works in his own urgent care clinic, shares a business build-ing precision rifles and sound suppressors, and has written for the gun press since 1989. He is married to his high school sweetheart, has three awesome adult children, and teaches Sunday School. Turn-ons include vintage German machineguns, flying his sexy-cool RV6A airplane, Count Chocula cereal, and the movie “Aliens.”

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  • Vincent Caprio November 29, 2021, 2:41 am

    Informative, BUT, mistaking Lebman for Hamer, or Vice Versa is unforgivable. Also, your writing skills are terrible….You’re period and “Street” venacular are forced….Just write the article, and save the tough guy talk.

    • Willie-O July 11, 2022, 6:47 am

      You are an unmitigated ass. Save your opinion because nobody wants it Hemingway.

  • Jack Edmonds August 5, 2020, 3:00 pm

    Great piece and excellent very rare photos! One of the pictures labeled as Lebman is actually Frank Hamer, Texas Ranger.

  • Jesse Johnson May 28, 2020, 4:17 pm

    Great piece, really enjoyed the read.

    Well done, will be following your work from here.

  • Kane May 19, 2020, 1:03 am

    I tried to make out the mother’s first name but the print was too blurry. Kind of looked like Vela Biro, not sure about those names. The 2 year old son was John Reed something. John had some long hair for the time and the smile on the mother was priceless. I wonder if a cigar smoking newspaper photographer snapped that shot in some small Manhattan apartment after an interview. Those long faded details of lives gone by.

    Great article.

  • Ti May 18, 2020, 4:35 pm

    Always fascinated with the machine pistols. Especially these, The Star model M, Beretta M951A and the 93R. Select fire Browning HP’s and all manner of broomhandle’s, Stechkin’s and Skorpions, G18’s……

    If I’d known of that Gunshop while in AIT at Ft Sam, I might not have left Texas.

  • Mark P May 18, 2020, 2:52 pm

    That’s not a photo of a gunsmith. That’s Frank Hamer Texas Ranger. Thanks, Mark P. (One Riot,One Ranger)

    • Tom May 18, 2020, 11:01 pm

      Yep, thats Frank Hamer. It’s too bad Hamer was not the man in charge of getting these thuggs. He would have terminated them in short order. Hamer was “the man”. Finest lawman of that era.

    • Bert May 19, 2020, 1:32 am

      These articles are always rife with errors.

  • Chuck Apodaca May 18, 2020, 2:22 pm

    Excellent write up on criminals. Their should be of these, instead of commercials. I’m sure they pay for much of the content, but really enough is enough!

  • Sassparilly May 18, 2020, 12:26 pm

    One of your best articles. Chock full of relevant information in a relatively short piece. The number of photo’s and variety was superb, with the ones of the modified 1911, the icing on the cake. Keep them coming Will, you just keep getting better.

  • RICHARD VARY May 18, 2020, 9:31 am

    Thank you for the interesting and informative article. The photo labeled as Hyman Lebman, is actually a photo of Frank Hamer, the Texas Ranger who hunted down Bonnie and Clyde. Best wishes and look forward to your next article.

  • Rich P May 18, 2020, 8:27 am

    The photo of Hyman Lebman is Frank Hamer taken in photo shoots after they dispatched Bonnie and Clyde.

  • Marshall Williams May 18, 2020, 6:59 am

    Photo of Hyman Lebman shows a remarkable resemblance to Frank Hamer of Bonnie and Clyde fame.

  • Joe Rivera May 18, 2020, 6:58 am

    Good and excellent report
    Very interesting

    Joe / Puerto Rico 🇵🇷

  • Robert Smith May 17, 2020, 8:50 pm

    Did anyone else notice two other front page stories in that 1934 newspaper? “New Deal Based on Policy of Self-Regulation Not Regimentation, Secretary Tells Newsmen Here” , and “Mother Sent to Jail for Digging in Park”. Excessive government power in times of emergency and people acting in desperation to survive. Sound familiar?

    • Keith Capolino May 18, 2020, 6:49 am

      For sure. They’ve been working on this for a long time. Very close to success now. Will people wake up?

    • Jrp May 18, 2020, 7:23 am

      Yes I did. Amazing what you can get done with a little fear and desperation. Even to the point of violating the constitution.

    • JoebobOhio May 18, 2020, 8:41 am

      Reminds me of a story some years ago locally where some Vietnamese immigrants were digging worms to sell as bait in a local park Creek bank and were charged. They couldn’t understand letting good worms go to waste.

    • JRT_MS1995 May 18, 2020, 9:51 am

      And the story of the tailor jailed for pressing a suit for 33 cents vice the government-directed 43 cents? You have to enlarge it a bit to read the details.

    • JCitizen May 18, 2020, 11:48 am

      Sure did! I’m glad I’m not the only one that noticed. FDR made a lot of honest people mad when he forced the banks who were doing the right thing and not going broke to bail out the failing banks. This made a lot of people feel like the government was their arch enemy. My grandmother didn’t have anything nice to say about FDR during her whole life. She and our family lost almost everything to the bank crisis.

      I also agree with many of the comments here!

    • Tim bucktoo May 18, 2020, 11:52 am

      I did read the articles, Welcome to now! We the people didn’t stop it then and we’re not doing a very good job of stopping it now, are we? Government over reach exploded in ‘34 did it not!

    • Kane May 19, 2020, 1:24 am

      So John dug a hole with “a baby’s beach spade” in Central Park and a Magistrate Overton Harris (Yorkville?) levied a fine that the mother could NOT pay and so she was sentenced to 4 hours in jail. She had no one who could care for the child at her home at #1 West Eighty-eighth street and so they both the 2 year old and mother served the time together.

  • Mike D May 17, 2020, 4:46 pm

    Nice write-up, and timely- I’m watching the movie “Public Enemies” with Johnny Depp playing Dillinger an d Christian Bale playing Purvis. Thanks.

    • Edward May 18, 2020, 1:28 pm

      The biggest mumbling leftist idiot, along with one of the biggest self absorbed pricks that Whoreywood has to offer, in the same movie together?
      Fu©k Johnny Depp 1,000%.
      His sanctimonious ass should be rotting in federal prison, along with several other of his false idol, virtue-signaling pals, for publicly vaguely threatening to assassinate a sitting US President.
      …Enjoy your movie.👍🍻

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